Sally Fallon Morell, president of the Westo..." /> A Big Dose of Codswallop | Dr. Kaayla Daniel

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Published on July 13th, 2018 | by DrKaayla

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A Big Dose of Codswallop

Sally Fallon Morell, president of the Weston A. Price Foundation (WAPF), sent a letter this week to members of her non-profit organization assuring them once again that Green Pasture Fermented Cod Liver Oil (FCLO) is safe. For anyone with doubts, she recommends listening to a podcast she produced last winter to rebut critics, educate consumers and “dispel the confusion” about the product.   

That podcast is nothing more than an  “informercial” in which Fallon Morell spends 30 minutes defending and praising David Wetzel, his company Green Pasture and the Fermented Cod Liver Oil product. 

Sylvia Onusic, PhD

Fallon Morell’s letter followed the resignation last week of Sylvia P. Onusic, PhD, formerly secretary and member of the Board of Directors of WAPF. Sylvia’s resignation was precipitated by Fallon Morell’s insistence that Green Pasture Fermented Cod Liver Oil be included as an ingredient in a homemade infant formula recipe despite massive evidence showing the potential for harm. As she put it, “I cannot in my heart and conscience support that product.”

 She furthermore stated that she learned science was of “little consequence” at WAPF unless it could be found to support the opinions of Fallon Morell. To read Sylvia’s full letter, click here. 

 

I will discuss the points made in the WAPF “infomercial” shortly. First some background for those new to the FCLO controversy:

THE BACKGROUND 

In 2015, I tested Green Pasture Fermented Cod Liver Oil at five of the world’s top laboratories because of mounting concerns about product safety and growing evidence of serious harm to consumers. I reviewed the data with many of the world’s leading marine oil and fats experts, all of whom concurred that it was rancid, putrid and low in the fat-soluble vitamins A, D and K. Furthermore, DNA testing showed the livers were not from Nordic cod, but from cheap Alaskan pollock, a case of mislabeling that many consumers consider fraud. Worse, the labs provided evidence that the product had been diluted with a vegetable oil that contained trans fats of a type found ONLY in vegetable oils. 

It’s been nearly three years now since I released these findings in my report Hook, Line and Stinker: The Truth about Fermented Cod Liver Oil.  Not long after, Green Pasture — facing probable investigation by the FDA and other agencies — scrubbed its website of unwarranted health claims, questionable data about vitamin and other nutrient levels, and incorrect statements about its manufacturing processes. No matter. Fallon Morell, in her role as Green Pasture’s marketing arm, allows that information to remain on the Weston A. Price Foundation’s website. And she avidly promotes the product with articles, podcasts and at conferences. 

At some point after 2015 Green Pasture switched from making its “cod liver oil” from Alaskan pollock to Alaskan cod. In all probability, the company took this action to avoid fraudulent labeling charges. The decision proved helpful as well to gain a stamp of approval from the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC). Although the MSC stamp of approval leads many members of WAPF to conclude that all is now well with Green Pasture, the bottom line is MSC cares only that the fish livers in question come from Alaskan cod and were sustainably fished. 

The Marine Stewardship Council couldn’t care less about whether the product is “fermented” from fish livers in Nebraska or processed with other Alaskan cod liver oils in a manufacturing facility in Alaska. MSC is not interested in whether the true levels of fat-soluble vitamins in the product match the data posted on the Weston A. Price Foundation’s website, whether or not the product is rancid, or if phenols naturally exist in the product. 

THE INFOMERCIAL

The podcast’s host, Hilda Gore, starts out by assuring listeners that Sally Fallon Morell taped the podcast to “dispel the confusion” about cod liver oil.

In fact, Fallon Morell delivers 30 minutes of misinformation about the research of Weston A. Price DDS, traditional and modern fish liver oil manufacturing processes, and the fat-soluble vitamins A, D and K. She slanders my professionalism and motives and also those of Rudi Moerck, PhD, one of the world’s leading marine oil experts and a regular expert at Dr. Joseph Mercola’s website. 

Let’s now take a look at some specific information found in this “infomercial.” 

WESTON A. PRICE, DDS 

Fallon Morell says “Cod liver oil is a good part of Dr. Price’s work.” 

This is not true. 

Accurate information about Dr. Price’s research on cod liver oil can be found at the Price-Pottenger Nutrition Foundation in San Diego, CA. In 2015 PPNF shared with me every line Dr. Price ever wrote about the topic from his letters, journal articles and his book Nutrition and Physical Degeneration.  All his words are quoted and referenced in Section VI in my report Hook, Line and Stinker.  

While Fallon Morell is right that traditional peoples had high levels of A and D in their native diets, Dr. Price expressed reservations about the use of any cod liver oil. Although he found it could be helpful taken short term in limited quantities by extremely malnourished individuals, he was seriously concerned about rancidity, a common problem with fish liver oils in his day. Dr. Price’s research also makes clear that he would never, ever have recommended a “fermented” cod liver oil.  In fact, Dr. Price rarely used the word “fermentation” at all in his writings except in connection with wine and poi.  

NUTRIENT CONTENT

Fallon Morell states that “fermentation allows us to get oils without compromising the nutrient content of the livers.” 

This statement contains several errors, starting with her claim that fish livers can be fermented. They cannot. Cod livers and pollock livers are only one to three percent carbohydrate, which is insufficient to maintain a ferment. Furthermore, fermented products require an acid pH of 4.6 or lower. FCLO’s pH, as tested at two laboratories, came in high at 5.17 and 5.8. Green Pasture owner David Wetzel himself has said (on video and in conversation) that the pH of FCLO is even higher, at 6.1 or 6.2. Whether or not the oil was actually obtained through “fermenting” of the livers, the evidence is clear that it’s not being preserved by an acid pH. And if it’s not being preserved, it’s going rancid. 

Even if it were possible to ferment livers, fermentation only modestly increases levels of vitamins in any product. The nutrient content for Vitamins A, D and K formerly posted on the Green Pasture website —  and still reported on the WAPF website — defies common sense. It was not only disproven by the top laboratories I enlisted to prepare my Hook, Line and Stinker report, but according to some of Fallon Morell’s own testing.  

LABORATORIES

Fallon Morell assures us that FCLO is not rancid and she proved it with testing she arranged at a laboratory in the United Kingdom. 

First of all, the laboratory chosen by Fallon Morell does not specialize in marine oils. In accepting their findings, Fallon Morell chose to disregard findings of leading marine oil laboratories in the United States, UK and Norway, all of whom found the product to be extremely rancid. Her refusal to accept their findings is in keeping with a letter she wrote in Fall 2014, in which she stated she would not accept the results of any laboratories that were “unfair to Dave.” According to her point of view, “unfair” is any laboratory that finds the Green Pasture product to be at odds with her opinions of it. According to Sylvia Onusic, PhD, WAPF recently accepted funds from Green Pasture to pay for more testing at that laboratory. 

HEAT

Fallon Morell states that the Weston A. Price Foundation recommends only cod liver oil brands that do not use heat in their manufacturing process. 

If Green Pasture products are in fact “fermented” in vats in Wetzel’s solar facility, the bottom line is they are heated. Whether heated naturally by the sun or artificially with a furnace, heat is a cause of rancidity. Visitors to the facility and ex employees have reported extremely high temperatures there.

SALLY FALLON MORELL’S HEALTH 

Fallon Morell states “First, I’d like to give you a little history on my own experience with cod liver oil . .  .  I was very concerned about my eyes. I had very poor night vision, and floaters.  This was of great concern to me. When I started taking this fermented cod liver oil, the floaters went away and my night vision been perfect since. I was thrilled. This is a wonderful product based on my own experience so I encouraged him (Dave Wetzel) to continue with the product.”

In addition to “encouraging” Wetzel, Fallon Morell has used her non-profit organization to serve as Green Pasture’s marketing arm, an action that is, at best, borderline legal for a non-profit organization.   

Although she trusts her own anecdotal evidence, Fallon Morell has summarily dismissed hundreds of anecdotes and clinical case studies from consumers who believe they were harmed by the product. She has castigated people who have been sickened or even died from the product for the “stupidly” of taking too much even when those amounts were the doses she recommended to people for years. To read my 2015 blog on this topic, click here.   

Today Fallon Morell continues to discount reports of people who have become chronically ill or died from heart disease, cancer and pulmonary embolism, even when those people have reported clear cause and effect through stopping and starting the product and with “before and after” lab tests. Now that the product has been on the market for more than ten years, this list of victims is growing. In addition to the death of Dr. Ron Schmid ND and hundreds of people reporting heart arrhythmias, we have multiple reports of glioblastoma and other cancers cropping up in the real food community among people who have regularly consumed that product either at high or lower doses. 

Given that Fallon Morell has chosen to introduce the topic of her own health, it’s fair to point out here that in the ten years FCLO has been on the market, she has gained a considerable amount of weight — well past the one dress size she considers appropriate for older women. Many doctors and health practitioners have noted that she also shows signs of chronic inflammation. As for her eyesight, it may well have improved thanks to FCLO, a product that lab testing shows to contain modest levels of true Vitamin A.  

With human subjects, it’s almost impossible to prove cause and effect with chronic illness. Many other dietary and lifestyle factors could be in play. Correlation does not equal causation. However, the FCLO connection is sobering and precautions are warranted. As I reported in Hook, Line and Stinker, experts at leading marine oil laboratories reported the Free Fatty Acid  levels in FCLO to be the highest they’d ever seen in a fish oil or fish liver oil product. High Free Fatty Acid levels in lab testing indicate advanced product breakdown and extreme “end-stage” rancidity. FFAs have been linked to cancer and other serious disease in multiple peer-reviewed journal articles, articles that Fallon Morell has chosen to ignore in favor of David Wetzel’s claim that his oil comes “predigested” and can only be beneficial.  

Science does not support the opinions of Fallon Morell and Wetzel. Virtually all fats and oils in the plant and animal kingdoms start out in the triglyceride form, in which three free fatty acids are attached to a glycerol backbone. As the oils start to go rancid, the fatty acids begin to break free in a process called “lipid hydrolysis.” The percentage of TAGs (triacylglycerols, the term for the most prevalent form of triglycerides) then decreases and the percentages of DAGS (diacylglycerols) and MAGs (monoacylglycerols) increase. 

According to independent marine oils expert Anthony P. Bimbo, the allowable limit of Free Fatty Acids (FFAs) for crude fish oil is in the range of one to seven percent, but typically at two to five percent. The percentage of Free Fatty Acids in FCLO is higher — much higher. The data shared in Hook, Line and Stinker revealed Free Fatty Acids in one sample at 16.2 percent and in another at a whopping 40.10 percent. Green Pasture’s own test data (as posted on its website in 2015) also came in high at 19.2 percent and 25.3 percent.

STABILITY 

Fallon Morell often speaks of FCLO being the “most shelf stable” cod liver oil available.  In the informercial, she asks us to consider the question of why FCLO is so stable and says: “We think it’s phenols created during the fermentation process. 

The reason FCLO is so stable is that it has reached end stage rancidity. It has reached the point where its traditional use in Norway was to paint houses or varnish furniture. For my discussion of phenols, see below. 

TRANS FATS

Host Hilary Gore asks “is FCLO diluted with vegetable oils?”  And Fallon Morell responded: “The accusation that Daniel made was Green Pasture was adding trans fats. First let me say, All marine oils contain trans fats produced by fungus in the ocean that the fish feed on.  And why should we be surprised.  All animal fats contain trans fats too.  We know that the trans fats in dairy are beneficial .  .  .  We don’t know anything about trans fats in CLO or fish oil but they are natural and it is not a sign that it is vegetable oils added. In fact we’d know immediately if these were trans fats from vegetable oils because we’d find a lot of these rancid breakdown product and we didn’t find any.”

Fallon Morell is right when she says “we don’t know anything about trans fats in CLO or fish oil,” but wrong when she claims they are “natural.” 

In 2015 a leading Norwegian cod liver oil expert reviewed the data on FCLO’s fatty acids provided by a respected laboratory. He pulled no punches when he wrote: 

“No authentic raw or mildly processed cod liver oil will contain trans fats. There should also be none present if the cod liver oil is mildly refined. The presence of trans C18:3 indicates that another oil has been added to this oil. This other oil must obviously be in sufficient quantities to detect the presence of these trans fats.”

 In the unlikely event that research ever shows 18.3 trans fats produced by fermentation by fungi or microbes, Green Pasture is not off the hook. Why, after all, would anyone want to take a fish liver oil that contains 18:3s identical to those found in partially hydrogenated vegetable oils? These are the types of trans fats linked through thousands of studies to cancer, heart disease and many other health problems. The National Academy of Sciences Institute of Medicine has concluded that the only safe level of such trans fats is zero. The 3.22 percent trans fats in FCLO exceeds the 2 percent limit allowed in food and supplements sold in Denmark and other European countries. 

For a full discussion of Fallon Morell’s codswallop re trans fats — including a weak argument made on her behalf  by Chris Masterjohn PhD — read my blog here.

Fallon Morell’s statement that “we’d know immediately if these were trans fats from vegetable oils because we’d find a lot of these rancid breakdown product and we didn’t find any” is correct. The reason she “didn’t find any” is because she has purposely chosen laboratories where she knew the technicians would neither seek nor find the products of end-stage rancidity.  

PHENOLS

Fallon Morell asserts that FCLO is high in phenols similar to those found in extra virgin olive oil.

It’s understandable that Fallon Morell would like to find phenols in Green Pasture Cod Liver Oil given that the phenols found in fresh extra virgin olive oil serve as antioxidants and also contribute to the peppery “burn” characteristic of a true olive oil. Phenols — if anyone could actually find them in an unadulterated cod or pollock liver oil— could thus explain two major problems associated with the FCLO: its rancid brown color and the fact that so many consumers have reported a burning in their throats.  

However, the likelihood that phenols similar to those found in extra virgin olive oil would naturally appear in Green Pasture, or any other fish liver oil, products is remote. With few exceptions, phenols are found in plant foods. Yes, polyphenols such as the secoiridoids and phlorotannins appear in fish that eat large quantities of algae. But the problem is this: cod do not eat algae. Nor do pollock, an important point given that DNA testing in 2015 showed Green Pasture’s arctic cod livers to be Alaskan pollock. Although the feeding patterns of cod and pollock differ somewhat, both are “generalist predators” that feed on a wide variety of fish, invertebrates .  .  . and even their own young.  (Yes, they are cannibals.)  

If phenols are found in FCLO, they almost certainly have been added.

COMPETITION  

Fallon Morell states “I’d like to be able to say there are a hundred companies making a hundred fermented cod liver oils. I am not trying to support one company.”    

The reason other companies have not moved into this niche is obvious: Marine oil experts agree that the product is unsafe and rancid based on taste, smell, color, texture and laboratory analysis. In 2016 Randy Hartnell, owner of Vital Choice Wild Seafood and Organics, traveled to the Canary Islands to attend a conference organized by the Global Organization for EPA and DHA (GOED). He talked to several company representatives who told him they had investigated the idea of fermenting cod liver oil after noting the profits of the Green Pasture line. However, all dropped the idea after finding it to be the most rancid oil they’d ever tested, and said they wouldn’t give that product to a dog.

For full detailed discussion and references, read Hook, Line and Stinker: The Truth about Fermented Cod Liver Oil and the blogs listed below.   Pressed for time? Learn key points from the Infographic. 

The Truth about FCLO Infographic 

Fermented Cod Liver Oil: Still on the Hook

Will the Real Dose Stand Up?

The Most Shocking Finding: Trans Fats  

Legacy of a Health Warrior 

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28 Responses to A Big Dose of Codswallop

  1. Thanks, Kaayla, for clarifying the key points in the FCLO controversy, specifically those made by Sally Fallon Morell in her January 2018 podcast, “The Cod Liver Oil Controversy,” found on the WAPF website. This podcast exclusively defends the indefensible topic of fermented cod liver oil.

    Hilda Gore, the host of the podcast series for WAPF, starts out with a particularly deceptive statement, saying that the podcast involves a “ controversy around a particular brand of fermented cod liver oil, “ which implies that there are others. But Hilda, there is no “particular brand,” only one brand. As Dr. Daniel points out, other companies have tried producing it because of the revenue it can generate ($46 and up per bottle + postage). I found out that FCLO is not protected by a patent, so others could legally make and sell it. No problem there. However, would-be sellers found out that fish livers don’t ferment like sauerkraut. They rot. And would Farm-to-Consumer and Kraut Pounder be surprised to find out that they paid money to be named as sponsors of a podcast dedicated to FCLO!

  2. Sue says:

    I agree with much of what you have said. However, I don’t think that glioblastoma can be blamed on FCLO. It is typically found on the side of the brain where the person held their cell phone, or in children surrounded constantly by WiFi signals.
    I would guess that someone taking FCLO would not be able to fight off any illness as well as someone not taking it.

    • DrKaayla says:

      Yes, you are right that most glioblastoma cases are associated with cell phone use. However, the director at WAPF who was diagnosed with Stage 4 glioblastoma was savvy about cell phone dangers and usage. With human subjects it’s always hard to pin down clear cause and effect. Many diet and lifestyle factors are at work. However, the fact of several cases of glioblastoma as well as a case of brain stem cancer and other rare cancers among WAPFers consuming FCLO is growing — and sobering.

      • Rochelle Long says:

        Do you have a separate post that goes into more detail about the stage 4 glioblasastoma? The way you wrote the article made me wonder if director was doing any of the things she suggested…but I am more interested in this correlation because there are many desperate and sick people thinking if they follow every dot and tiddle of WAPF protocol their teeth will heal and their bodies will get better. I was looking into starting a chapter but as a holistic health coach, I feel I should be able to recommend anything that I find helpful to my client’s individual need, not meet someone’s agenda. Speaking of which, what is the reason for that, in your opinion? Are they love interests or have stock in products together? Many of the people on these forums have small children or are breast feeding mothers, and I try my best to help educate them. BTW, if you have any articles about the use of Iodine, esp from Canada that these people are putting directly on their teeth and in the mouths of their babies, could you please share with me? I tried explaining how iodine is not something to how the whole halogen heavy metal issue can be very toxic, but one of the moderators had a fit that I went against their ‘protocol’. Very disenheartening that so many are not doing research and time to understand how their bodies work . Thanks !

        • DrKaayla says:

          I hope you will start a chapter — but with the Price Pottenger Nutrition Foundation, not Weston A. Price Foundation. PPNF is collaborating with Hunt Gather Grow foundation and we are moving forward with a chapter network.

          I address some of the questions of conflict of interest between Sally Wetzel Fallon Morell and David Wetzel in the blog “Hook, Line and Stinker.”

          Thanks for the article ideas. I have a lot on my plate right now but may be able to tackle those in the future.

  3. Angie Karlan says:

    “You go girl! You’ve got my support: )

  4. ramdas says:

    Does Rosetta EVCLO show any better findings?

    • DrKaayla says:

      Rosita EVCLO is a fresh oil, not fermented. Like all the makers of regular cod liver oil, the company does its best to ensure that the product does not go rancid. Once the oil is in your possession, take care that you cap the bottle quickly after opening and do not expose to heat or light. If the taste or smell is “off,” trust your senses on that and toss.

  5. Ferment Lover says:

    What a joke that the product is called “fermented.” Talk to all the fermenting experts. Not one of us has figured how it would be possible. Talk to Dave Wetzel and you get vague answers and run arounds. And if you don’t buy that, he starts quoting Jesus on you. The new label even has Jesus symbols on it.

  6. Kyle says:

    Smells bad, tastes worse. Labs show rancidity too. What about this is so hard to understand? Sorry that Sally won’t shut up and you keep having to address this.

  7. DrKaayla says:

    Sadly, people continue to take this product based on Sally’s say so.

  8. Gary Ogden says:

    DrKaayla: Thanks you so much for all the good work you have done. I am terribly concerned about the children of those WAPF members who have drunk Sally’s Kool-Aid. Why he is still allowed to sell this stuff is beyond my understanding. I met so many wonderful people in WAPF during my time (2010-2015), but Sally has ruined it as a reliable source of nutrition information. I now distrust everything she has written, even though much of it is correct. I simply no longer have any tolerance for bullshit. We’ve been fed so much it all of our lives. I was fortunate to grow up before that fraud Ancel Keys got his claws into the AHA and nutrition establishment. We had liver ‘n’ onions once a month or so, occasional heart (both then easily available in supermarkets, as they had their own butcher shops), only full-fat dairy (delivered to the front porch), butter and eggs, occasional oatmeal, lots of fresh fruits and vegetables, bread made before the Green Revolution got ahold of wheat. We thrived on all those naughty foods, and exceedingly rare was autism, asthma, food allergies, learning disabilities, violent children. We all had measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox. I credit this infectious disease history, in part, for my robust immune system and excellent health. Today’s children are so thoroughly poisoned they need nutrient-dense food more than ever. But not CLO in any form, except in exceptional circumstances. Sufficient vitamins A and D easily available for most people by sun exposure and nutrient-dense foods. Dr. Price was right to be very cautious about its use. Do the Kool-Aid drinkers not know what he wrote? I had a long chat with Joan at the PPNF booth in Anaheim, and she explained it to me in detail. The PPNF I trust!

    • DrKaayla says:

      I trust PPNF too. THE place for accurate information about the work of Weston A. Price, DDS, Francis Pottenger, MD, and other nutrition pioneers.

  9. Joy Eriksen says:

    Hi Kaayla,
    Thank you for all your work. I stopped FCLO back in 2010 or 11 because I didn’t like the taste, burn, cost or how it upset my stomach. I had to smile at the comment about not feeding it to a dog. I have to say my dogs get an organic raw diet, (I think I am more fussy about their diet than my own) and I have never even considered giving them FCLO ,or any CLO for that matter.
    Thank you for the information on PPNF and Hunt Gather Grow, Look forward to those chapters.

  10. Lynn says:

    That Sally continues to recommend this product, as do others in the health/wellness community, is beyond understanding. Whatever happened to “first do no harm”, especially when infants and children are concerned? This makes me wonder what other WAPF gospels should be reconsidered, like total avoidance of coffee, chocolate, bio-identical hormone replacement… Thanks again Kaayla for your research and dedication to getting the truth out about FCLO and alerting us to its dangers.

    • DrKaayla says:

      Makes me wonder too! Now that I’m questioning nearly everything that has ever come out of WAPF, I’m learning that it’s more about Sally’s opinions than about the work of Dr. Weston A. Price.

  11. Once again, thank you for being a curator for true ancestral principals that support health and healing. At least daily, we encounter customers that ask for our opinion on FCLO (especially those taking our Liver and our Bone Marrow and GP’s FCLO as part of an oral health protocol). Our remarks always have to do with something like this…

    Though we own a supplement company, we don’t believe in supplements (nor) processed (nor) rotting foods. As a first line option, we suggest to go for the real thing. As it relates to cod liver products, we believe that our early ancestors would have eaten the whole cod… perhaps even a fresh cod’s liver… doubtfully oil from a cod’s liver (especially of the rotting variety).

    With your permission, I’d like for my team to direct people here to learn about the facts. Can I send them directly to this page here https://uy405-d501d1.pages.infusionsoft.net/ (or) do you recommend another page?

    If there’s anything that we (Ancestral Supplements) can do to support your purpose, your passion, your contribution to the world, just ask.

    With infinite gratitude,

    Brian Johnson

  12. Susie Hagemeister says:

    This all just makes me feel so sad. I have so much respect for Sally and what she has done. I just hope that the controversy remains respectful to everyone and without vitriol.

    • DrKaayla says:

      It makes me very sad too. I gave more than ten years of life to working for the foundation. WAPF was a worthy organization back when Dr. Mary Enig was active and had the integrity and strength to demand sound science. As Dr Onusic noted in her resignation letter, WAPF now uses science only when it props up the opinions of Sally Fallon Morell.

  13. Jane says:

    You still respect Sally? Errrr, why? Her stubborn disregard of science, misuse of funds and nonstop promotion of her friend Dave Wetzel at Green Pasture is unethical. Maybe illegal. And people might be dying. . .

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